The “Fire and Water Fountain”, also commonly referred to as the “Dizengoff Square Fountain”, is a Tel Aviv landmark in the Center of the Dizengoff Square. Dedicated in 1986, the fountain is a kinetic sculpture, the work of the Israeli artrist Yaacov Agam.
The fountain was developed by Agam for ten years and is one of Agam’s most famous creations. Agam has gained international recognition as one of the founders of the kinetic art movement. The fountain consists of an illusory dimension and a movement dimension, both typical to works of Kinetic art and Op art, which is achieved by the use of technology and by the observer’s movement. The fountain is composed of several big jagged wheels, which were designed in the kinetic style (colored geometric shapes, which are perceived as different images from different angles). A technological mechanism is automatically activated at different times of the day and the night, turning the wheels on their hinges, injecting water upwards in various forms, spitting fire upwards and playing music.
Through the years the fountain drew a lot of criticism from the Tel Aviv residents for the high cost of its ongoing maintenance. Nowadays, the fountain is poorly maintained and occasionally will not be operating.
Fountain was renovated in 2012 and cost almost two million.